Compiles and links MPI programs written in C++
This command can be used to compile and link MPI programs written in
C++. It provides the options and any special libraries that are
needed to compile and link MPI programs.
It is important to use this command, particularly when linking programs,
as it provides the necessary libraries.
Command line arguments
- Show the commands that would be used without
- Give short help
- Use compiler name instead of the default choice. Use
this only if the compiler is compatible with the MPICH
library (see below)
- Load a configuration file for a particular compiler.
This allows a single mpicxx command to be used with
- Show the steps for compiling a program. This option
can be used to see what options and include paths are
used by mpicxx.
- Show the steps for linking a program. This option
can be used to see what options and libraries are used by
- Use the MPI profiling given by name. See below for
- Show exactly what this program is doing.
This option should normally not be used.
- mpi - Use a statically compile MPI library, but shared libraries
for all of the other dependencies.
- are passed to the compiler or linker. For example, \-c
causes files to be compiled, \-g selects compilation with
debugging on most systems, and \-o name causes linking
with the output executable given the name name.
The environment variables MPICH_CXX may be used
to select different C++ compiler and linker. Note that since
MPICH is built with a particular C and Fortran compiler, changing the
compilers used can cause problems. Use this only if you could intermix
code compiled with the different compilers.
The environment variable MPICC_PROFILE specifies a profile library
and has the same effect as if \-profile=$MPICC_PROFILE were used as
an argument to mpicc. See the discussion of \-profile below for more
The MPI library may be used with any compiler that uses the same
lengths for basic data objects (such as long double) and that
uses compatible run-time libraries. On many systems, the various
compilers are compatible and may be used interchangably. There are
exceptions; if you use the MPICH_CXX environment variable or the
\-cxx=name command-line argument to override the choice of compiler
and encounter problems, try reconfiguring MPICH with the new compiler,
and installing MPICH in a separate location. See the installation manual
for more details.
To compile a single file foo.c, use
mpicxx -c foo.cxx
To link the output and make an executable, use
mpicxx -o foo foo.o
Combining compilation and linking in a single command
mpicxx -o foo foo.cxx
is a convenient way to build simple programs.
Selecting a Profiling Library
The \-profile=name argument allows you to specify an MPI profiling
library to be used. name can have two forms:
A library in the same directory as the MPI library
The name of a profile configuration file
If name is a library, then this library is included before the MPI
library. This allows the simple use of libraries that make use of the
MPI profiling interface and that are installed in the same directory as
the MPI library.
If name.conf is the name of a file in the sysconfdir directory, then this
is read and may define the following variables:
- Libraries (and paths) to include before the MPI library
- Libraries to include after the MPI library
- C preprocessor arguments for any include files
For example, to add /usr/local/myprof/include to the include path and
the library libmyprof.a in /usr/local/myprof/lib to the link step,
you could create the file myprof.conf with the lines
and place it in the sysconfdir directory (this directory is set at
configure time when MPICH is built). Then using the command-line
argument \-profile=myprof will cause these
definitions to be added to the relevant compile commands.
mpicc, mpifort, mpiexec