int MPI_Comm_get_parent(MPI_Comm *parent)
If a process was started with MPI_Comm_spawn or MPI_Comm_spawn_multiple, MPI_Comm_get_parent returns the parent intercommunicator of the current process. This parent intercommunicator is created implicitly inside of MPI_Init and is the same intercommunicator returned by MPI_Comm_spawn in the parents.
If the process was not spawned, MPI_Comm_get_parent returns MPI_COMM_NULL.
After the parent communicator is freed or disconnected, MPI_Comm_get_parent returns MPI_COMM_NULL.
This routine is both thread- and interrupt-safe. This means that this routine may safely be used by multiple threads and from within a signal handler.
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators), MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever possible.