Gathers into specified locations from all processes in a group
int MPI_Gatherv(const void *sendbuf, int sendcount, MPI_Datatype sendtype,
void *recvbuf, const int *recvcounts, const int *displs,
MPI_Datatype recvtype, int root, MPI_Comm comm)
- starting address of send buffer (choice)
- number of elements in send buffer (integer)
- data type of send buffer elements (handle)
- integer array (of length group size)
containing the number of elements that are received from each process
(significant only at root)
- integer array (of length group size). Entry
i specifies the displacement relative to recvbuf at
which to place the incoming data from process i (significant only
- data type of recv buffer elements
(significant only at root) (handle)
- rank of receiving process (integer)
- communicator (handle)
- address of receive buffer (choice, significant only at root)
Thread and Interrupt Safety
This routine is thread-safe. This means that this routine may be
safely used by multiple threads without the need for any user-provided
thread locks. However, the routine is not interrupt safe. Typically,
this is due to the use of memory allocation routines such as malloc
or other non-MPICH runtime routines that are themselves not interrupt-safe.
Notes for Fortran
All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have
an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr
is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine
in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value;
C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last
argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is
called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler
may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators),
MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for
RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but
its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned.
Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past
an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever
- No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
- Invalid communicator. A common error is to use a null
communicator in a call (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank).
- Invalid datatype argument. Additionally, this error can
occur if an uncommitted MPI_Datatype (see MPI_Type_commit) is used
in a communication call.
- Invalid buffer pointer. Usually a null buffer where
one is not valid.