Creates an intercommuncator from two intracommunicators
int MPI_Intercomm_create(MPI_Comm local_comm, int local_leader,
MPI_Comm peer_comm, int remote_leader, int tag,
- Local (intra)communicator
- Rank in local_comm of leader (often 0)
- Communicator used to communicate between a
designated process in the other communicator.
Significant only at the process in local_comm with
- Rank in peer_comm of remote leader (often 0)
- Message tag to use in constructing intercommunicator; if multiple
MPI_Intercomm_creates are being made, they should use different tags (more
precisely, ensure that the local and remote leaders are using different
tags for each MPI_intercomm_create).
- Created intercommunicator
peer_comm is significant only for the process designated the
local_leader in the local_comm.
The MPI 1.1 Standard contains two mutually exclusive comments on the
input intercommunicators. One says that their repective groups must be
disjoint; the other that the leaders can be the same process. After
some discussion by the MPI Forum, it has been decided that the groups must
be disjoint. Note that the reason given for this in the standard is
not the reason for this choice; rather, the other operations on
intercommunicators (like MPI_Intercomm_merge) do not make sense if the
groups are not disjoint.
Thread and Interrupt Safety
This routine is thread-safe. This means that this routine may be
safely used by multiple threads without the need for any user-provided
thread locks. However, the routine is not interrupt safe. Typically,
this is due to the use of memory allocation routines such as malloc
or other non-MPICH runtime routines that are themselves not interrupt-safe.
Notes for Fortran
All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have
an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr
is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine
in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value;
C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last
argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is
called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler
may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators),
MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for
RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but
its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned.
Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past
an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever
- No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
- Invalid communicator. A common error is to use a null
communicator in a call (not even allowed in MPI_Comm_rank).
- Invalid tag argument. Tags must be non-negative; tags
in a receive (MPI_Recv, MPI_Irecv, MPI_Sendrecv, etc.) may
also be MPI_ANY_TAG. The largest tag value is available through the
the attribute MPI_TAG_UB.
- This error is returned when some part of the MPICH
implementation is unable to acquire memory.
- Invalid source or destination rank. Ranks must be between
zero and the size of the communicator minus one; ranks in a receive
(MPI_Recv, MPI_Irecv, MPI_Sendrecv, etc.) may also be MPI_ANY_SOURCE.
MPI_Intercomm_merge, MPI_Comm_free, MPI_Comm_remote_group,