Perform one-sided atomic compare-and-swap.


int MPI_Compare_and_swap(const void *origin_addr, const void *compare_addr,
                         void *result_addr, MPI_Datatype datatype,
                         int target_rank, MPI_Aint target_disp, MPI_Win win)

Input Parameters

initial address of buffer (choice)
initial address of compare buffer (choice)
datatype of the element in all buffers (handle)
rank of target (non-negative integer)
displacement from start of window to beginning of target buffer (non-negative integer)
window object (handle)

Output Parameters

initial address of result buffer (choice)


This operation is atomic with respect to other "accumulate" operations.

The parameter datatype must belong to one of the following categories of predefined datatypes: C integer, Fortran integer, Logical, Multi-language types, or Byte as specified in Section 5.9.2 on page 176. The origin and result buffers (origin_addr and result_addr) must be disjoint.

Notes for Fortran

All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.

All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.


All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators), MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever possible.

No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
Invalid argument. Some argument is invalid and is not identified by a specific error class (e.g., MPI_ERR_RANK).
Invalid source or destination rank. Ranks must be between zero and the size of the communicator minus one; ranks in a receive (MPI_Recv, MPI_Irecv, MPI_Sendrecv, etc.) may also be MPI_ANY_SOURCE.
Invalid MPI window object
Other error; use MPI_Error_string to get more information about this error code.