Get the address of a location in memory


int MPI_Get_address(const void *location, MPI_Aint *address)

Input Parameters

location in caller memory (choice)

Output Parameters

address of location (address integer)


This routine is provided for both the Fortran and C programmers. On many systems, the address returned by this routine will be the same as produced by the C & operator, but this is not required in C and may not be true of systems with word- rather than byte-oriented instructions or systems with segmented address spaces.

This routine should be used instead of MPI_Address.

Thread and Interrupt Safety

This routine is both thread- and interrupt-safe. This means that this routine may safely be used by multiple threads and from within a signal handler.

Notes for Fortran

All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the call statement.

All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER in Fortran.

In Fortran, the integer type is always signed. This can cause problems on systems where the address fits into a four byte unsigned integer but the value is larger than the largest signed integer. For example, a system with more than 2 GBytes of memory may have addresses that do not fit within a four byte signed integer. Unfortunately, there is no easy solution to this problem, as there is no Fortran datatype that can be used here (using a longer integer type will cause other problems, as well as surprising users when the size of the integer type is larger that the size of a pointer in C). In this case, it is recommended that you use C to manipulate addresses.


All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value; C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators), MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned. Note that MPI does not guarentee that an MPI program can continue past an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever possible.

No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
Other error; use MPI_Error_string to get more information about this error code.