Create an MPI datatype from a general set of datatypes, displacements, and block sizes
int MPI_Type_create_struct(int count, const int array_of_blocklengths,
const MPI_Aint array_of_displacements,
const MPI_Datatype array_of_types, MPI_Datatype *newtype)
- number of blocks also number of entries in arrays array_of_types, array_of_displacements, and array_of_blocklengths (non-negative integer)
- number of elements in each block (non-negative integer)
- byte displacement of each block (integer)
- types of elements in each block (handle)
- new datatype (handle)
Thread and Interrupt Safety
This routine is thread-safe. This means that this routine may be
safely used by multiple threads without the need for any user-provided
thread locks. However, the routine is not interrupt safe. Typically,
this is due to the use of memory allocation routines such as malloc
or other non-MPICH runtime routines that are themselves not interrupt-safe.
Notes for Fortran
All MPI routines in Fortran (except for MPI_WTIME and MPI_WTICK) have
an additional argument ierr at the end of the argument list. ierr
is an integer and has the same meaning as the return value of the routine
in C. In Fortran, MPI routines are subroutines, and are invoked with the
All MPI objects (e.g., MPI_Datatype, MPI_Comm) are of type INTEGER
All MPI routines (except MPI_Wtime and MPI_Wtick) return an error value;
C routines as the value of the function and Fortran routines in the last
argument. Before the value is returned, the current MPI error handler is
called. By default, this error handler aborts the MPI job. The error handler
may be changed with MPI_Comm_set_errhandler (for communicators),
MPI_File_set_errhandler (for files), and MPI_Win_set_errhandler (for
RMA windows). The MPI-1 routine MPI_Errhandler_set may be used but
its use is deprecated. The predefined error handler
MPI_ERRORS_RETURN may be used to cause error values to be returned.
Note that MPI does not guarantee that an MPI program can continue past
an error; however, MPI implementations will attempt to continue whenever
- No error; MPI routine completed successfully.
- Invalid argument. Some argument is invalid and is not
identified by a specific error class (e.g., MPI_ERR_RANK).
- Invalid count argument. Count arguments must be
non-negative; a count of zero is often valid.
- Invalid datatype argument. Additionally, this error can
occur if an uncommitted MPI_Datatype (see MPI_Type_commit) is used
in a communication call.
- Other error; use MPI_Error_string to get more information
about this error code.